Cigarette smoking is one of the major causes of cancer and
cardiovascular diseases leading to millions of premature deaths each year all
over the world. Scientists have identified about 4,000 different substances in
tobacco all of which have certain degree of toxic effects. At least 43 of them
Objective: The aim of this study is to assess the extent of adverse effect of
cigarette and shisha on haematological parameters in male population of
Khartoum State – Sudan.
Subject and Methods: One hundred and fifty male subjects participated in this study,
cigarette smoker (n= 50), shisha smoker (n= 50) and non-smoker (n= 50). The smokers
were regularly smoking at least for 10 years. Fresh peripheral blood samples from
healthy adult non-smokers and smokers (males) were collected and analysed for Red
Blood Cells (RBC) count, haemoglobin (Hb) content, packed cell volume (PCV),
MCV, MCH and MCHC, total and differential leucocytes (WBC) counts and total
platelets count by using fully automatic haematological analyser.
Results: The smokers of cigarette and shisha had significantly higher level of Hb,
HCT, RBCs, TWBC count and MCHC. However, platelets counts were significantly
lower in cigarette smokers than that of non-smokers. Study shows that the
duration of smoking had no significant effect on haematological parameters
Conclusion: It concluded that smoking alters haematological parameter that is
injurious to health.
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